Mahadev, the middle brother chose the life of an ascetic. Guru Arjun (Arjan) Dev erected the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar, India, and compiled and contributed to Adi Granth in 1604. Gen eds. Established as a proprietorship company, Guru Arjan Machine Tools is known as the foremost manufacturer of a high-quality range of Precision Surface Grinder Machine, Precision Surface Offered Precision Surface Grinder Machine, Precision Surface are well-known for the features like long working life, high functionality, and low maintenance. In Lahore on May 25, 1606 A.D. Name the Gurdwara, now in Pakistan, that stands at the place where Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib. The guru then designed the gurdwara Harmandir Sahib which translates as "The Abode of God". Guru Arjan’s martyrdom becomes the decisive factor in the crystallization of the Sikh Panth. Guru Arjan is credited with completing many other infrastructure projects, such as water reservoirs called Santokhsar (lake of peace) and Gongsar (lake of Gongaga), founding the towns of Tarn Taran, Kartarpur and Hargobindpur. 1563, to Guru Raam das and Ji Mata Bhani ji. He founded it in 1574 on land he bought for 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. He became the first martyr of Sikh faith when he was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and tortured to death when he refused to convert to Islam. Guru Arjun Dev (Arjan Dev) Guru Arjun (Arjan) Dev erected the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar, India, and compiled and contributed to Adi Granth in 1604. On the passing away of Guru Ram Das, according to a custom prevalent among the Khatris of the time, when Mohri invested Guru Arjan with the turban, Prithi Chand objected to it vehemently. In Lahore on May 25, 1606 A.D. Name the Gurdwara, now in Pakistan, that stands at the place where Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred. He also completed the building of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, which had been founded by his father. Guru Arjan Dev was the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus. The eldest, Prithi Chand, was clever in social and worldly affairs. 95-6, Friedman Yohanan (1966), Shaikh Ahmad Sirhandi: An Outline of His Image in the Eyes of Posterity, Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, pp. He was not pleased with the growing popularity of Arjan in their father’s eyes as he feared Arjan might inherit the Guru Gaddi. Guru Arjan Dev was the son of Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru in Sikhism. [43] Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi cheered the punishment and execution of Guru Arjun, calling the Sikh Guru an infidel. He then ordered the guru to convert to Islam or undergo torture and execution. On June 16 annually, members of the Sikh religion remember the martyrdom of Guru Arjan. He married Bibi Bhani, the younger daughter of Amar Das. [10][13] His martyrdom is considered a watershed event in the history of Sikhism. [63] All these versions and meta-narratives became popular in 19th century British colonial literature, such as those of Max Arthur Macauliffe. Construction Guru Angad (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ, prounciation: [gʊɾuː əŋgəd̯ᵊ]) was the second of the ten Sikh gurus of Sikhism. … Indian Men, siblings: Baba Mahan Dev, Baba Prithi Chand, See the events in life of Guru Arjan in Chronological Order. It is from this time the Sikh movement began to gain momentum. He always practised what he preached. [2][3], Historical revisionism, reconstruction and disputes. He himself contributed 2218 hymns to the sacred text. 118-121, Sirhindi, Maktubat-i Imam-i Rabbani, I-iii, letter No. Where & when did Guru Arjan Dev Ji achieve martyrdom ? Mobad', Dabistan-i Mazahib, 1645-46, in Sikh history from Persian sources. He made his headquarters at the newly built town of Goindwal, which Guru Angad Dev had established. Guru Arjan[2][3] (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜਨ, pronunciation: [gʊɾuː əɾd͡ʒənᵊ]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606)[1] was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. The Masand not only collected these funds but also taught tenets of Sikhism and settled civil disputes in their region. Contributions. He attained Guruship on 1 September 1581. His tenure as the guru lasted for 25 years over which he greatly enriched the Sikh tradition with his many important contributions. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, p. 7. By torturing a divine personality of Guru Arjan Dev’s eminence, Jahangir had unwittingly started digging the grave of the Mughal Dynasty. Guru Ram Das was born on 24 September 1534 in a Sodhi Khatri family in Chuna Mandi, Lahore. He compiled the sacred songs of all previous Sikh gurus, as well as songs from Hindu and Sufi mystics, and added his own sacred writings. The doors on all four sides of the building signified its acceptance of people regardless of their religion, color, creed, or sex. Max Arthur Macauliffe (1883), The Sikh Religion: Its Gurus, Sacred Writings and Authors, Louis E. Fenech (2010), Martyrdom: W.H. Guru Gobind Singh was the last of the ten Gurus, the one who transformed the Sikh faith. [34] According to this theory, there was an ongoing Mughal dynasty dispute between Jahangir and his son Khusrau suspected of rebellion by Jahangir, wherein Guru Arjan blessed Khusrau and thus the losing side. He wanted to give Sikhism its own holy text, and for this purpose he compiled the writings of all the past Gurus and also the writings of saints from different backgrounds whose teachings were consistent with the tenets of Sikhism. Richards, John F. The Mughal Empire, in The New Cambridge History of India. He wrote a voluminous amount of Sikh scripture including the popular Sukhmani Sahib. They need our help more than any other people. Guru Tegh Bahadur, challenged Emperor Aurangzeb, he also refused to embrace Islam, he was executed. Guru Ram Das noticed early on that his youngest son Arjan was wise beyond his years and displayed compassion for all. [15], Guru Arjan was born in Goindval to Bibi Bhani and Jetha Sodhi. [75], Guru Arjan was a prolific poet and composed 2,218 hymns. An alternate version highlights the role of a Hindu minister of Jahangir named Chandu Shah. [6][24], The stories in the Sikh tradition about the succession dispute around Guru Arjan are inconsistent. Father Jerome to Father Gasper Fernandes, (BM add MS 9854, ff. It states that the Guru's execution was a part of the ongoing persecution of the Sikhs by Islamic authorities in the Mughal Empire,[39] and that the Mughal rulers of Punjab were alarmed at the growth of the Panth. [25] The Sikhs following Guru Arjan called the Prithi Chand faction as Minas (literally, "scoundrels"), who are alleged to have attempted to assassinate young Hargobind,[26][27] and befriended Mughal agents. Guru Arjan Dev was the son of Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru in Sikhism. [5] Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. http://www.mygodpictures.com/category/guru-arjan-dev-ji/, http://www.santabanta.com/photos/guru-arjan-dev-ji/9128002.htm. Guru Arjan (1563-1606) Following in the footsteps of his father, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan completed construction of the Golden Temple. In 1595 A.D. Name the wifes of Guru … The following is from Jahangir's memoirs: This is from records of Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi, composed after the punishment and execution of Guru Arjun: Louis E. Fenech, Martyrdom in the Sikh Tradition, Oxford University Press, pp. He wed Raam Devi, who was issueless, and Ganga ji, and they had one son, Har Govind. He spent nearly eight months in Lahore helping thousands of people who were suffering from malaria and chicken pox. [73][74] The compilation was completed on August 30, 1604, according to the Sikh tradition and installed in the Harmandir Sahib temple on September 1, 1604. The eldest son of Prithi Chand, Manohar Das who is also known as Miharvan, is mentioned in both traditions as growing under the loving care of Prithi Chand and Guru Arjan. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/guru-arjan-6785.php. Dehra Saheb at Lahore ===== The threats, coercion and torture failed to achieve their objective; instead the martyrdom ignited a new life, determination and vigor in the Sikhs. Amandeep Singh Madra and Parmjit Singh. Guru Arjan was the fifth Sikh Guru and the first Sikh martyr: he gave up his life for the Sikh people. He was immersed in boiling water which scalded his flesh and then was made to sit on a burning hot plate. [19] However, Prithi Chand, Guru Arjan’s eldest brother, did not accept him as his father’s successor. Guru Ram Das chose Arjan, the youngest, to succeed him as the fifth Sikh Guru. [52] His eyewitness account recorded Guru Arjan's life, and the order by Emperor Jahangir to torture the Guru to death. [22], Guru Arjan had two elder brothers, Prithi Chand and Mahadev. [51] Bhai Gurdas was a contemporary of Guru Arjan and is a noted 17th-century Sikh chronicler. Following many days of torture, the guru was allowed to take a bath in the river Ravi. He always practised what he preached. [16] He had two brothers: Prithi Chand and Mahadev. Grewal notes that Sikh sources from the seventeenth and eighteenth century contain contradictory reports of Guru Arjan's death. In 1699 he created the Khalsa (Pure), a … Born in Hindu family and after meeting Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, becoming a Sikh, and serving and working with Guru Nanak for many years, Guru Nanak gave Lehna the name Angad ("my own limb"), and chose Angad as the second Sikh Guru. [20] He was appointed as the Sikh Guru in 1581 after the death of his father. Guru Arjan continued the infrastructure building effort of his father. [6][7][8] Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib. Guru Arjan Dev was married to Mata Ganga. He compiled the sacred songs of all previous Sikh gurus, as well as songs from Hindu and Sufi mystics, and added his own sacred writings. Guru Arjan Dev became a very popular spiritual figure, and hordes of people hailing from different faiths flocked to meet him and seek his blessings. On the passing away of Guru Ram Das, according to a custom prevalent among the Khatris of the time, when Mohri invested Guru Arjan with the turban, Prithi Chand objected to it vehemently. [9], Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. A peaceful and saintly person, he was much revered by people belonging to all religions which made the Mughals insecure and jealous. He had two elder brothers: Prithi Chand (Prithia) and Mahadev. [2], There are several stories and versions about how, where and why Guru Arjan died. Also Known As: Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Guru Arjan Ji, Spiritual & Religious Leaders He compiled the hymns of the previous Sikh Gurus along with selected writings of other saints from different backgrounds which he considered consistent with the teachings of Sikhism. 193, pp. Datu kicked the Guru but the latter did not retaliate and quietly left the village. Contributions. The growing popularity of the guru and Sikhism perturbed the Mughals greatly. Guru Angad Dev died on 29 March 1552 and Guru Amar Das became the spiritual leader of the Sikhs. But diluting it is in fact what we seem to be doing. To achieve this they advocated intense training of the mind and body through practices like yogasansas, breathing exercises and meditation. [26][29], The composition of both Prithi Chand and his followers have been preserved in the Mina texts of Sikhism, while the mainstream and larger Sikh tradition adopted the Guru Granth Sahib scripture that ultimately emerged from the initiative of Guru Arjan. His action contrasts his ancestors Babar, Humayun and Akbar who paid due respects to all the previous four Gurus: Guru Nanak the 1st, Guru Angad the 2nd, Guru Amar Das the 3rd and Guru Ram Das, the 4th. More torture followed and hot sand was poured over his body. I n an attempt to consolidate his position, the Mughal emperor Jahangir sought to appease the powerful Sunni Muslim orthodoxy at his court. The Guru was imprisoned in Lahore Fort in 1606. What we Sikhs need to do is to cement the connection between Guru Arjan’s martyrdom and the attack rather than diluting it. "Guru Arjan, Fifth in succession, was the first Guru born as a Sikh. [72] His approved collection included hymns from the first four Gurus of Sikhism, those he composed, as well as 17 Hindu bards and 2 Muslim bards. [206] Guru Arjan, who complied the Guru Grant Sahib, the holy text of the Sikhs was the 5th Guru. He wed Raam Devi, who was issueless, and Ganga ji, and they had one son, Har Govind. Guru Arjan Dev formed the first rendition of the Sikh’s holy text, the Adi Granth, by compiling the hymns of the first five Sikh gurus and 15 other great saints, or bhagats, including thirteen Hindu and two Muslim saints. Guru Ram Das is best known as the founder of the holy city of Amritsar, previously known as Ramdaspur. However, Prithi Chand, Guru Arjan’s eldest brother, did not accept him as his father’s successor. [10][14] It is remembered as Shaheedi Divas of Guru Arjan in May or June according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003. He started hospitals for lepers. A virtuous soul must be a courageous soul. Leprosy, as you know, is a very bad disease. Arjan Dev was born on 15 April 1563, in Goindval, Tarn Taaran, India, as the son of Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru in Sikhism, and his wife Mata Bhani. [55] Jerome Xavier, in appreciation of the courage of Guru Arjun, wrote back to Lisbon, that Guru Arjan suffered and was tormented. In 1595 A.D. Name the wifes of Guru Hargobind Ji. Guru Arjan, 1563-1606. The choice of successor, as throughout most of the history of Sikh Guru successions, led to disputes and internal divisions among the Sikhs. New Delhi: Bhai Vir Singh Sahitya Sadan, 1997), p. 386. He also extended trading into Afghanistan and further afield. [54] Dabistan-i Mazahib Mobad states Jahangir tortured Guru Arjan in the hopes of extracting the money and public repudiation of his spiritual convictions, but the Guru refused and was executed. [30] This, state scholars, may have triggered Guru Arjan to create a much enlarged, official version of the Adi Granth. With Guru Arjan's succession, the Guruship remained in the Sodhi family of Guru Ram Das. Since he had refused to convert, he was subjected to severe torture. The threats, coercion and torture failed to achieve their objective; instead the martyrdom ignited a new life, determination and vigor in the Sikhs. The hitherto peace loving community took up arms for self-defense and for protecting the rights of the weaker sections against the atrocities perpetuated by the Mughals. Guru Arjan taught that the songs themselves, not the man, were the real teacher. [23] His choice of Arjan as successor, as throughout most of the history of Sikh Guru successions, led to disputes and internal divisions among the Sikhs. The Guru refused to remove the lines and pay the fine, which state the Sikh accounts, led to his execution. The guru remained loyal to his faith till the very end. [35][36][6] But according to Jahangir's own autobiography, most probably he didn't understand the importance of Sikh gurus. Perhaps more bitterness and anger in the Sikhs. [17][18] Various Sikh chroniclers give his birth year as 1553 or 1563, the latter is accepted by scholarly consensus as the actual year of birth with 15 April as the accepted birth date. The alternate versions include stories about the role of Guru Arjan in a conflict between the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and his son who Jahangir suspected of trying to organize a patricidal coup. When he saw the poor or the sick, he always sat down to help them. Willingness to suffer trial for one's convictions was a religious imperative". He, in one version, takes revenge on Guru Arjan for not marrying his son Hargobind to Chandu Shah's daughter. More than half of the volume of Guru Granth Sahib and the largest collection of hymns has been composed by Guru Arjan. The sacrifice of Guru Arjan Dev Ji is unparalleled affirmation of firm faith and acceptance of torture as Divine will. He was brought up by his grandmother. The sacrifice of Guru Arjan Dev Ji is unparalleled affirmation of firm faith and acceptance of torture as Divine will. [21] Guru Ram Das was a Khatri of the Sodhi sub-caste. The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, 16th Century Spiritual & Religious Leaders. [78], Some scholars spell Guru Arjan's name as Guru Arjun. [32][33], Most Mughal historians considered Guru Arjan's execution as a political event, stating that the Sikhs had become formidable as a social group, and Sikh Gurus became actively involved in the Punjabi political conflicts. He ordered a copy be brought to him. [50] J. F. Richard states that Jahangir was persistently hostile to popularly venerated non-Islamic religious figures, not just Sikhism. AVere it … [68][69], One of the Sikh community disputes following Guru Ram Das was the emergence of new hymns claiming to have been composed by Nanak. He also very dedicated in his service to humanity, and proved himself to be a very pious and humble young man. He was born in Goindwal, India, on April 14. Jahangir was jealous and outraged, and therefore he ordered the Guru's execution. Sajida S. Alvi (1987), “Religion and State during the Reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir (1605-27): Nonjuristical Perspectives,” in Studia Islamica, pp. During his tenure Sikhism developed steadily with more and more Hindus and Muslims becoming the followers of the guru. 1) Guru Nanak Dev Ji 15 April 1469 2) Guru Angad Dev Ji 31 March 1504 3) Guru Amar Das Ji 05 May 1479 4) Guru Ram Das Ji 24 Sep 1534 5) Guru Arjan Dev Ji 15 April 1563 6) Guru Har Gobin Ji 19 June 1595, Guru Har Rai Ji 16 Jan 1630 8) Guru Har Krishan Ji 07 July 1656,Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji,01 April 1621,Guru Gobin Singh Ji,22 Dec 1666 He also designed the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar. The Indian lunar calendar determines Sikh and Hindu events of history. Eds. He succeeded his father as the leader of Sikhs upon his death and went on to significantly influence the development of Sikhism. [10][33] A similar theory floated in early 20th-century, asserts that this was just a politically-motivated single execution. [11][33][40] According to Jahangir's autobiography Tuzk-e-Jahangiri (Jahangirnama) which discussed Guru Arjan's support for his rebellious son Khusrau Mirza, too many people were becoming persuaded by Guru Arjan's teachings and if Guru Arjan did not become a Muslim, the Sikh Panth had to be extinguished. He also contributed more than 2,000 hymns himself and wrote the Sukhmani Sahib Bani. When they were pouring hot sand on the head of Guru Arjan, Guru Arjan, partakh har (living God), was being tested. Prithia conspired to tarnish his younger brother’s reputation but failed miserably. Guru Arjan established three towns – Tarn Taran, Kartarpur, and Sri Hargobindpur. Sikhism - Sikhism - Guru Gobind Singh and the founding of the Khalsa: Following the death of Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708), the most important of all the Gurus with the exception of Guru Nanak, assumed leadership of the Sikhs. Under the rule of which Mughal Emperor was Guru Arjan Dev Ji made to sit on a red-hot iron plate ? If Guru Arjan helped Guru Tegh, they could bring the Sikhs Panth together, second martyrdom helped make human rights and freedom of conscience central. The guru conceived the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and designed the Harmandir Sahib (also known as Golden Temple today). The onlookers were shocked at the brutality meted out to this saintly and peaceful person. [33] The traditional Sikh account states that the Mughal emperor Jahangir demanded a fine of 200,000 rupees and demanded that Guru Arjan erase some of the hymns in the text that he found offensive. McLeod and his Students, Journal of Punjab studies, University of California Press, 17(1&2), pp. [6], Guru Arjan reorganized the Masands system initiated by Guru Ram Das, by suggesting that the Sikhs donate, if possible, one-tenth of their income, goods or service to the Sikh organization (dasvand). Soon Sikhism became the prominent popular religion of medieval Punjab. Guru Arjan Dev Ji who is the fifth Guru and first martyr of the Sikhs died through torture after … [14][25][31] Arjan, at age 18, became the fifth Guru in 1581 inheriting the title from his father. Only God can stand to sit on a hot plate and be a yogi and then have hot, burning sand put on his head in the month of June and still chant “Sat Naam.” Then for that man only, you can say Guru Arjan partakh har. [28], The competing texts acknowledge the disagreements. He completed the construction of Amritsar which was further developed into one of the most important centers of Sikhism. [6] The city that emerged is now known as Amritsar, and is the holiest pilgrimage site in Sikhism. [64] Several alternative versions of the story try to absolve Jahangir and the Mughal empire of any responsibility,[59][65] but have no trace or support in the documentary evidence from early 17th century, such as the records of Jesuit priest Jerome Xavier and the memoirs of Jahangir. Dehra Saheb . He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan was the fifth Sikh Guru and the first Sikh martyr: he gave up his life for the Sikh people. Guru Arjan 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. [10][12] Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during torture. [29] The followers of Prithi Chand called themselves as true followers of Guru Nanak, or Nanakpanthis as they challenged Guru Arjan and his descendants authority. He attained Guruship on 1 September 1581. [10][11] He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE. [6][67], Continuing the efforts of Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan established Amritsar as a primary Sikh pilgrimage destination. After Guru Arjan completed and installed the Adi Granth in the Harimandir Sahib, Emperor Akbar was informed of the development with the allegation that it contained teachings hostile to Islam. [53], A contemporary Jesuit account, written by Spanish Jesuit missionary Jerome Xavier (1549–1617), who was in Lahore at the time, records that the Sikhs tried to get Jahangir to substitute the torture and death sentence to a heavy fine, but this attempt failed. He started hospitals for lepers. The Akbarnama by Abu'l-Fazl Allami mentions that Guru Arjan met the Mughal emperor Akbar and his cortege in 1598. [10][12][66], Guru Arjan's father Guru Ram Das founded the town named after him "Ramdaspur", around a large man-made water pool called "Ramdas Sarovar". [23] In one version, Prithi Chand is remembered in the orthodox Sikh tradition as vehemently opposing Guru Arjan, creating a factional sect of the Sikh community. [2], According to the Sikh tradition, before his execution, Guru Arjan instructed his son and successor Hargobind to take up arms, and resist tyranny. Master Arjan Dev Ji was the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, who moved toward becoming Guru on 16 September 1581 following in the strides of Guru Ram Das ji. [30], The mainstream Sikh tradition recognised Guru Arjan as the fifth Guru, and Hargobind as the sixth Guru. He managed the Guru’s household and most efficiently administered the running of the common kitchen. 38-52), 1617, in Sicques, Tigers or Thieves: Eyewitness Accounts of the Sikhs (1606-1809). Eds. In 1606, Jahangir had the fifth Sikh Guru Arjan Dev, the father of Guru Hargobind, tortured and martyred. Each of the boys had very different dispositions. He was conceived in Goindval Punjab India the most youthful child of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the little girl of Guru Amar Das.A summary of the main highlights of Guru Ji’s life: [42] Some Muslim traditional accounts such as of Latif in 19th-century states that Guru Arjan was dictatorial, someone who lived in splendour with "costly attire", who had left aside the rosary and the clothes of a saint (fakir). [17] Per Sikh tradition, he had stayed for two years in Lahore during his youth after being sent by his father to attend the wedding of his first cousin Sahari Mal's son as well as to establish a Sikh congregation. A single couplet stands recorded in the version of the Adi Granth after chhant 4, before Guru … [47], Some scholars state that the evidence is unclear whether his death was due to execution, torture or forced drowning in the Ravi river. According to Louis Fenech, this meeting likely influenced the development of Sikh manuscriptology and the later martial tradition. The execution of Guru Arjan Dev marks a sharp contrast to Jahangir's tolerant attitude towards other religions such as Hinduism and Christianity. in this too the nectar Name which is the support of all humanity. Guru Ram Das was born as Bhai Jetha on 9 October 1534, in Chuna Mandi, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan into a Sodhi Khatri family. In channeling sessions, Baba Sai of … Where & when did Guru Arjan Dev Ji achieve martyrdom ? Varam Bahi Gurdas Satki, 9th edition. In another Lahore version, Chandu Shah actually prevents Guru Arjan from suffering torture and death by Muslims by paying 200,000 rupees (100,000 crusados) to Jahangir, but then keeps him and emotionally torments him to death in his house. J.S. Chris Bayly, Gordon Johnson. During his lifetime, the fifth Guru had fully appreciated that in the times ahead, his community will need to defend itself and Dharma at large. Grewal and Irfan Habib. In Lahore on May 25, 1606 A.D. ===== Name the Gurdwara, now in Pakistan, that stands at the place where Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred. He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. They need our help more than any other people. He really wanted to become the next Guru, … Guru Arjan's Teachings Like the other Gurus, Guru Arjan believed in doing good deeds rather than just preaching. [23][70] The concern and the possibility of wrong propaganda, immoral teachings and inauthentic Gurbani led Guru Arjan to initiate a major effort to collect, study, approve and compile a written official scripture, and this he called Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture by 1604. His tenure as the guru lasted for 25 years over which he greatly enriched the Sikh tradition with his many important contributions. Hargobind, sixth Sikh Guru, who developed a strong Sikh army and gave the Sikh religion its military character, in accord with the instructions of his father, Guru Arjan (1563–1606), the first Sikh martyr, who had been executed on the order of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr. Upon assuming the Guru Gaddi he took forward the legacy of his father, and by continuing the efforts of the late Guru Ram Das, established Amritsar as a primary Sikh pilgrimage destination. Guru Arjan, who complied the Guru Grant Sahib, the holy text of the Sikhs was the 5th Guru. The dasvand financed the building of gurdwaras and langars (shared communal kitchens). They offer a different explanation for the attempt on Hargobind's life, and present him as devoted to his younger brother Guru Arjan. Was poured over his body on 30 May 1606 Guru Arjan established Amritsar as a Sikh time of Guru Das. Eight months in Lahore helping thousands of people who were suffering from and... 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Daya Vati ( also known as Amritsar, which later expanded into the Guru was the last the!